Inovasi Pembangunan : Jurnal Kelitbangan <p><em><strong>Development Innovation: Jurnal Kelitbangan (JIP)</strong></em> is a journal that provides a source of scientific information aimed at researchers, research institutions, government agencies, and stakeholders in all fields. JIP publishes original research manuscripts, reviews articles, studies, and case studies that focus on research:</p> <div> <ol> <li class="show">Public Culture</li> <li class="show">Government</li> <li class="show">Information and communication technology</li> <li class="show">Social and Cultural Rights</li> <li class="show">Health</li> <li class="show">Economics</li> <li class="show">Agriculture</li> <li class="show">Technique</li> <li class="show">Education</li> <li class="show">Energy</li> <li class="show">Transportation</li> <li class="show">Tourism</li> </ol> </div> Balitbangda Provinsi Lampung en-US Inovasi Pembangunan : Jurnal Kelitbangan 2354-5704 <p>The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shell be assigned to&nbsp;<em><strong>Development Innovation: Jurnal Kelitbangan (JIP)&nbsp;</strong></em>, Balitbangda Provinsi Lampung as publisher of the journal.</p> <p>Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations, the reproduction of any part of this journal, its storeage in databases and its transmission by any form or media. such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc.</p> Piil Pesenggiri in Lampung Community: Between Peace Building or Violence Excuse <p><em>Changes in the structure of rural communities and structural violence that occurred by design through government policies, made violences in Lampung society. Traditional Lampung society have institutions that are a reference in their daily lives called piil pesenggiri. In this study, the author wants to see the relation between local institutions and violence in Lampung society. This scientific work is a descriptive analytical qualitative research on structural violence that occurs in a multi-ethnic society with emphasis on primary data through interviews with local communities and policy makers and supporting documents. The results showed that there was a decrease in the effectiveness of the independent institutions in the effort to establish peace which was characterized by the slackening of kinship ties and narrow interpretation of the institution. These conditions trigger an escalation of violence in society.</em></p> Fitra Utama ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 7 2 117 117 10.35450/jip.v7i2.130 Channel Youtube Video Blog (Vlog) Development With Stem Approach As An Alternative Learning Media <p><em>This research aims to develop a YouTube channel-assisted video blog (vlog) as an alternative to learning physics with the STEM approach. The type of research used is research and development (Research and Development) from Borg and Gall. Product viability is done by validating the material experts and media experts. After that, the researchers conducted a small group product attractiveness test for 30 students from several high school / MA schools in Lampung Province and a field trial by 120 students to see the students' responses. This research will produce a product in the form of a YouTube video blog (vlog) channel with the STEM approach. Based on the results of product validation, 84% of media expert judgment, 84% material expert, and 72% IT expert judgment were obtained. Student responses to small group trials gained a percentage of 87% and 83% of field trials. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the YouTube channel video blog with the STEM approach is suitable as an alternative medium for online learning for high school / MA school students.</em></p> Muhammad Iqbal Sri Latifah Irwandani Irwandani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 7 2 135 135 10.35450/jip.v7i2.140 Reconstruction Of Research Management In Indonesia <p>Research in Indonesia has lost focus or priority. The focus or priority in conducting this research is very important, especially with the limitations that it has. No wonder if the results of research that have been done so far have been largely useless and less desirable. So that policymakers also tend to search from the outside and that is certainly more in line with their needs. Thus, a reconstruction of research management in Indonesia is needed. The theories about synergy become the analitycal framework of this research. This study uses qualitative research methods with descriptive approach. After doing the research, it was concluded that: In research activities in Indonesia there were 2 (two) major problems, namely: a small budget and few researchers. Both of these problems can be overcome by synergizing various parties, in this case: the Central Statistics Agency, the National Development Planning Agency, the Ministry of Higher Education Research and Technology, the K / L R &amp; D Institutions and the regions, and the local government.</p> Taufik Hidayat Wuri Darmawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-06 2019-08-06 7 2 149 149 10.35450/jip.v7i2.133 The Social Religious Guidance For The Elderly Generation In Constructing A Social Piety <p><em>This paper is the essence of the research on elderly socio-religious development in developing the construct of social piety in the Elderly Social Institution (PSLU) Bhakti Yuswa Lampung aims to find out the superior programs in Islamic religious formation to the elderly followed by why Islamic education is directed towards the elderly are in need and how the influence of the implementation of Islamic religious guidance on the elderly. Data analysis in this study used descriptive qualitative method with inductive thinking method. The results of this study indicate that Islamic religious formation is a process of spiritual rehabilitation. It is considered necessary to help the psychological condition of the elderly who experience spiritual disorders that can be overcome by carrying out activities that improve aspects of spirituality through excellent programs such as recitation, prayer building and fasting. The practice of Islamic religious activities can be done well by the elderly as evidenced by the description of the results of Islamic religious formation can improve aspects of spirituality as measured by the construct of social piety.</em></p> Sakirman Sakirman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 7 2 157 157 10.35450/jip.v7i2.138 The Declarative Knowledge Of Tunanetra Students In Mathematics Learning <p class="absrakinggirs"><em><span lang="FI">The implementation of curriculum 2013 inside the faculty wonderful (SMALB) put in force the scholars to pay attention to the concept of understanding declarative gaining knowledge of, along with for blind students of SMALB. This study ambitions to decide information declarative college students in studying mathematics SLB A Bina Insani Bandar Lampung. The subject of the studies are mathematics instructors and college students of class XI SLB A Bina Insani Bandar Lampung. This studies is descriptive qualitative research. records have been collected thru statement, interview, and documentation take a look at. The validity of records using triangulation of time, i.e. by matching the statistics behavior of the meta cognition of college students with visible impairment on the collection of data of the second and third. the stairs in records analysis consist of records reduction, information presentation, and end. Results showed that expertise declarative students within the learning of mathematics includes the don't forget of facts is important in gaining knowledge of, can present statistics with its very own language, it is able to compare and distinguish the principles, recognize the difficulties in gaining knowledge of, knowing the gaining knowledge of strategies themselves, knowing the sources of studying, and knowing the reason of a remember, while the behavior of meta cognition blind college students about the procedural knowledge in studying arithmetic encompass knowing the software of gaining knowledge of techniques which is better.</span></em></p> Suherman suherman Eva Damayanti Septuri Septuri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-06 2019-08-06 7 2 173 173 10.35450/jip.v7i2.132 The Influence Of Temperature and Contact Time On Waste Cooking Oil’s Adsorption Using Bagasse Adsorbent <p><em>Cooking oil is one of basic needs that very often used by public. Cooking oil that has been used it will occur characteristic’s change and if consderated from chemical composition it has carcinogen content. One way of doing things for used cooking oil is adsorption method. Goal of this research for reduce Free Fatty Acid content and color changes on used cooking oil used bagasse adsorbent, with&nbsp; variant adsorption temperature 32, 40, and 50<sup>o</sup>C, also contact time as 45, 90, and 180 minutes. Best results of this research are FFA 85.10% reduction occur at 40-50<sup>o</sup>C with 180 minutes contact time and the biggest color change occur at 50<sup>o</sup>C with 180 contact time is 14.925%.</em></p> Rantiana Sera Donny Lesmana Atika Maharani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 7 2 181 181 10.35450/jip.v7i2.131 The Role Of Linear Programming Simplex Method In Optimizing Profit For Innovative Business Model <p><em>The research aims to find out the maximum profits in startup model business by using linear programming in simplex method. The type of research are field and literature based study by observation, examining journals, and text books in relation to the researched-project. The steps undergone within this research are: 1) Observing, interviewing, documenting 2) Curating the mathematics model and 3) Optimizing profits. The research was conducted at GoGoCourse in 2018. It has shown that the offline classroom program of GoGoCourse has not run optimally which can be seen from the profit earned in 2018 at only Rp.83.508.400,- however in optimal level, the profit could reach Rp.175.155.000,-. The calculation is summed up from the total of 21 advance TOEFL classes, 9 IELTS classes, and 26 short courses classes.</em></p> Siti Anggi Wulandari Defriyanto Defriyanto Suherman Suherman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 7 2 197 197 10.35450/jip.v7i2.137 Study of the effect of Temperature and Reaction Time on Synthesis alpha Terpineol from Turpentin Using a Trichloroacetic Acid Catalyst <p><em>Turpentine contains α-pinene the main component of about 75-85% and the rest consists of β-pinene (2-3%), champhene (4-15%), and limonene (5-15%). The content of α-pinene as the largest component in turpentine oil can be increased its selling value by hydration reaction to produce α-terpineol. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of temperature and reaction time to the conversion α-pinene and selectivity a-terpineol in the synthesis of a-terpineol from turpentine by using trichloroacetic acid catalyst. The variables studied were temperature at 55, 65, and 75<sup>o</sup>C; and reaction time of 30, 60, 120, and 240 minutes, respectively. The reaction was carried out in a three-neck glass equipped with a heater, a thermometer, and a magnetic stirrer. The method of this study was hydration reaction by reacting 0.055 mol turpentine, 0.55 mol aquadest, and 0.32 mol trichloroacetic acid catalyst with a stirring speed of 385 rpm. The analysis of the synthesis was accomplished using Gas Chromatography Method to determine the α-pinene and α-terpineol concentrations obtained, and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy to recover the compounds contained in the sample. The optimum condition was obtained at the temperature of 65<sup>o</sup>C and reaction time of 60 minutes with α-pinene conversion obtained 96,293% and the selectivity of α-terpineol 34,429%.</em></p> Ulfah Nur Khikmah Herti Utami ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 7 2 211 211 10.35450/jip.v7i2.136